Being a long time Mac user, you get accustomed to the way things work on a Mac. MacOS has tons of functionality built into it that makes doing things on the Mac easier. One of those pieces of functionality that frequently gets overlooked but I find extremely valuable are Smart Folders. Smart Folders are essentially saved searches. If you are a Windows user, it has an analog to Smart Folder called Search Folders. They are not really folders at all even though they are represented by a folder icon (albeit a purple one with a gear in the middle of it). Using Smart Folders makes finding the items on your hard drive(s) simple.
This blog post will teach you how to use Smart Folders to filter your files and view the ones you need to see. While this blog post will walk you step-by-step how to make and use Smart Folders, here are the steps you need to take to create a Smart Folder:
- Open a Finder Window and Navigate to the Folder You Want to Search Using Your Smart Folder
- Go to Finder -> New Smart Search in the Main Menu
- Select the Folder You Want to Search in the Smart Folder Window
- Press the + Button on the Far Right Hand Side of the Finder Window
- Use the drop-down boxes to define your initial search/filter criteria
- Add more search filters using the + button
- Press Save when you have all your search criteria defined
- Choose Where You Want to Save the Search and Press Save
The files and/or folders will be listed in the Smart Folder.
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Getting Started with Smart Folders
1. Open a Finder Window and Navigate to the Folder You Want to Search Using Your Smart Folder
First thing we need to do is to open a Finder window. Navigate to the folder you want to have your smart folder search. You can choose your whole Mac hard drive if you wish but if you know the files that apply to your search are in one folder, it is better to narrow the scope of the search.
2. Go to Finder -> New Smart Search in the Main Menu
Once you have navigated to the folder you want to use as the scope of your Smart Folder search, go to Finder -> New Smart Search in the main menu. This will bring up the dialog box where you will build you Smart Folder.
3. Select the Folder You Want to Search in the Smart Folder Window
The New Smart Folder window should have opened at this point
Above the columns in the main panel of the window there is a Search label with three entries:
- This Mac
- [YOUR FOLDER]
The [YOUR FOLDER] is the folder you selected earlier as the folder you want your Smart Folder to use as its search scope. What that means is the your Smart Folder will only search the folder you specified. If you want to search your entire Mac, choose the This Mac option.
4. Press the + Button on the Far Right Hand Side of the Finder Window
If you look underneath the Search box you should see a little + button. This button adds filter criteria to your search. To add your first search filter to your Smart Folder, press the + button. This will add the first level of your search criteria.
5. Use the drop-down boxes to define your initial search/filter criteria
Once you have clicked the + button a new row will appear underneath the Search folder row. There should be two drop-down menus and a text field. The first drop-down menu, working from left to right, defines the search criteria. The second drop-down box is a clarifier related to the the first drop-down menu. When you click on this drop-down menu box, the following options will appear:
- Last Opened Date
- Last Modified Date
- Created Date
Kind defines what the search criteria is. The clarifier options for the kind attribute are:
I am not going to go every one of these but let’s pick the ones I think are useful.
Any literally means any type. You would use this if you want to search for anything that was opened in the last 7 days by adding a second criteria that specifies the last opened date and the time interval.
The application attribute refers to an application. A good example of a Smart Folder for this attribute is a search for any application that has not been opened after a past date (like 6 months). If you haven’t opened an application in 6 months, it probably isn’t in your daily workflow and might be a candidate for deletion to save space on your Mac.
The Document filter references any type of document format including image, video and audio. A good Smart Folder for documents would be any document created in the last week.
The Folder filter brings up any folders that fits the search criteria. One example I think is handy to have is a Smart Folder that
The image filter will return all of the images in a given search scope. I run this blog that uses a lot of images and it is good to have a Smart Folder that is setup to show me all of the images that contain a certain word, phrase or number in the name. An example of this is a Smart Folder that contains all of the images that have the word icon in them.
Music will pull up any audio files (mp3, .aac, .flac, .wav, etc.) that fit your criteria. I find it useful if I want to search for a particular artist. The nice thing about this example is you can further filter it by name if you want a specific album .
I have a lot of PDFs on my Mac. I am a reference junkie. If it is a guide or reference manual, I keep it like a hoarder on my Mac. Unfortunately, this means finding the ones I want gets more difficult over time. Setting up a Smart Folder that returns all of the PDFs that contain a name or phrase in the name is handy.
As the title of this section infers, the presentation filter is used to return any presentation files (powerpoint, keynote) it finds that match your search criteria.
The text filter returns any text-oriented file (.txt, .html, .php, .rtf, .h, .xml, .json, etc.). While this filter is good, I would recommend searching for the specific file extension instead (file extension is an option in the Others category). We will cover file extension-based Smart Folders later on in this blog post.
The Other category contains all of the other filter criteria options for Smart Folders. The list of filter options is quite extensive. Rather than document all of the filter criteria, enclosed below is a table containing the filter and it’s description:
|Album||Title for a collection of media, such as a record album|
|Authors||Authors of this item|
|Codecs||Codecs used to encode or decode media|
|File Extension||The filename extension of the item|
|Filesize||Physical size of the item in bytes|
|Pages||Number of Pages in the Document|
|Pixel Height||Height of the document in pixels|
|Security||Encryption method used to make the document secure|
|Tags||Tags associated with item|
|Video Bit Rate||Bit Rate of the Video in the media|
6. Add more search filters using the + button
As you have seen from some of the Smart Folder examples, you can have more than one search filter. To add more filters, simply use the + button and configure the filter.
7. Press Save when you have all your search criteria defined
Once you have your Smart Folder configured, press the Save button. The save dialog box will pop up. Select the name you want to give your Smart Folder and choose where you want to save it. I typically put my Smart Folders on my desktop.
8. Choose Where You Want to Save the Search and Press Save
Select the name you want to give your Smart Folder and choose where you want to save it. I typically put my Smart Folders on my desktop.
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Any, All or None – Making Smart Folders Even More Powerful
By default, as you add filters to your Smart Folder, the filters are additive to the search. In other words, it is using AND logic. An example would be:
Search of files of type document that was last opened in the last 7 days and the name matches “checklist”. All of these conditions have to be true in order for the file to show up in the Smart Folder search. But what if you want to have conditional logic in your search criteria? That is where Any, All or None come into play.
To bring up the Any, All or None options, in the New Smart Folder window, hold down the Option key. When you hold down option, the + sign at the end of each filter turns into an ellipsis …. Press the ellipsis. You should now see the next filter underneath and nested inside of the conditional line with a drop-down menu with Any and the text “of the following are true”.
Using the Any Conditional
Let’s use an example to show how this works. Let’s create a Smart Folder that only looks for PNG or JPEG images. Enclosed below is a screenshot that shows how you would build that Smart Folder:
Using the All conditional
The All conditional allows you to bundle a bunch of filter criteria together in one unit where ALL of the criteria in the block must be true. An example of this might be a search for any file that was modified within the last week where it both must have been created in the last 30 days AND have a name that matches “Getaway”.
Using the None Conditional
The None conditional is a little weird to use at first as we tend to think additively rather than in an elimination-oriented way. An example of a Smart Folder that leveraged the None conditional would be the following:
Everything that was modified in the last week that was not:
- an application
- an archive file
- created in the last 2 months
- a folder
- a PNG file
While admittedly this example is kind of arbitrary, it shows how the None conditional can be used.
Editing an Existing Smart Folder
To edit an existing Smart Folder, do the following:
- Open the Smart Folder
- In the Smart Folder window, click on the Gear icon
- Select Show Search Criteria
This will bring up the filters and you can edit them and save.
Some Smart Folder Examples
To drive home how useful Smart Folders are, here are some good examples of Smart Folders:
Find all DMG Files
DMG files are the packages that are used to install applications onto your Mac. Once you have installed the application, you might not want or need that file anymore. Conversely, if your application starts acting weird, having the DMG file handy can save time.
Large Files that haven’t be opened in a long while
Managing your hard drive and keeping only the files you actually need. Large files can take up a bunch of space on your hard drive and, if haven’t accessed that file in a long time, might not be necessary anymore.
Finding Duplicate Files
Similar to large files, duplicate files take up space when they shouldn’t be. While you can use software like Gemini (link to Gemini) to remove duplicates, Smart Folders can also do this.
Finding All of Microsoft Office Files You are Currently Working On
Most of us use at least a couple of Microsoft Office applications in our day. Wouldn’t it be nice to have a Smart Folder that showed you only the office files you have been working on in the last X amount of day?
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Smart Folders have been around in MacOS forever and can be easily forgotten, but they shouldn’t be. The ability to have a constantly updated saved search based on your very specific criteria is extremely powerful.
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